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[ISW] 러시아 공세 캠페인 평가, 2024년 1월 31일

by 맘씨 posted Feb 01, 2024
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[요약]

핵심 요점:

  • 우크라이나군은 1월 31일 크림 반도 세바스토폴에 있는 벨베크 비행장 근처의 러시아 목표물을 공격했습니다.
  • 러시아 대통령 블라디미르 푸틴은 1월 31일 우크라이나에서 극대주의적이고 의도적으로 모호한 영토적 목표를 두 배로 늘렸습니다.
  • 우크라이나와 러시아군은 1월 31일 포로 교환을 실시하여 러시아 포로 195명을 우크라이나 포로 207명과 교환했습니다.
  • 유럽 연합(EU)은 유럽 지도자들이 EU 회원국에 우크라이나에 대한 탄약 공급을 강화할 것을 촉구하면서 2024년 3월 1일까지 우크라이나에 포병탄 100만 발을 제공하겠다는 약속을 이행하지 못할 것으로 알려졌습니다.
  • 러시아 국방부 장관 세르게이 쇼이구는 1월 31일 중국 국방부 장관 동준 제독과의 통화에서 러시아-중국 관계가 "역사상 최고의 시기"라고 주장했습니다.
  • 크렘린 관리들과 대변인들은 몰도바의 EU 통합을 막고 몰도바에 대한 미래의 러시아 침략을 정당화하기 위한 정보 조건을 설정하기 위한 수사적 노력을 계속했습니다.
  • 우크라이나 주요 군사 정보국(GUR)은 최근 러시아 국방부(MoD) 통신 서버에 대한 사이버 공격을 수행했다고 보고했습니다.
  • 에스토니아 국방군 사령관 마틴 헤렘 장군은 러시아가 발트해 지역에서 최근 GPS 교란의 배후일 수 있다고 말했습니다.
  • 러시아군은 1월 31일 접촉선 전체에 걸친 위치 교전 중 바흐무트 근처, 아브디이프카 근처, 도네츠크 시 남서쪽에서 확인된 진전을 이루었습니다.
  • 러시아군은 자포리자주 서부에서 공세 작전을 수행하기 위해 형벌 신병으로 구성된 "비밀" 대대를 구성한 것으로 알려졌지만 대대를 해산하고 있는 것으로 알려졌습니다.
  • 러시아와 점령 당국은 점령 지역에서 우크라이나의 문화적, 민족적 정체성을 지우기 위한 노력을 계속하고 있습니다.

분류: 군사
주요 국가: 러시아, 우크라이나, 미국
향후 전망: 러시아는 우크라이나에서 점령지를 확대하기 위해 계속 공세를 이어갈 것으로 예상되며, 우크라이나는 서방 국가들의 지원을 받아 저항을 계속할 것으로 예상됩니다.

해시태그: #러시아 #우크라이나 #전쟁 #군사 #정치 #외교




[원문]
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Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment

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Riley Bailey, Christina Harward, Nicole Wolkov, Grace Mappes, and Frederick W. Kagan


January 31, 2024, 8:05pm ET

Click here to see ISW's interactive map of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. This map is updated daily alongside the static maps present in this report.


Click here to see ISW’s 3D control-of-terrain topographic map of Ukraine. The use of a computer (not a mobile device) is strongly recommended for accessing this data-heavy tool.


Click here to access ISW’s archive of interactive time-lapse maps of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. These maps complement the static control-of-terrain maps that ISW produces daily by showing a dynamic frontline.

Ukrainian forces struck Russian targets in the vicinity of Belbek airfield in occupied Sevastopol, Crimea on January 31. Ukrainian Air Force Commander Lieutenant General Mykola Oleshchuk amplified geolocated footage on January 31 showing a Ukrainian strike near the Belbek airfield and thanked Ukrainian forces for striking targets in occupied Crimea. Additional geolocated footage published on January 31 shows large smoke plumes rising from the airfield. ISW has yet to observe evidence indicating what Russian targets Ukrainian forces struck at or near the airfield. The Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) claimed that Russian forces intercepted 20 Ukrainian missiles, 17 reportedly on the approaches to Sevastopol and three reportedly elsewhere over occupied Crimea. The Russian MoD claimed that missile fragments fell in Lyubimivka (northwest of Sevastopol), and Sevastopol occupation governor Mikhail Razvozhaev claimed that missile fragments damaged buildings along Fedorivska Street and the “Ust-Belbek” garden association, both in the vicinity of the Belbek airfield. A prominent Kremlin-affiliated milblogger claimed that Ukrainian forces used Storm Shadow cruise missiles in the strikes. Ukrainian forces recently repeatedly targeted the Saky airfield (north of Sevastopol) as part of a multi-day strike campaign against Russian targets in occupied Crimea in early January 2024. Ukrainian forces previously conducted a more extensive strike campaign against Russian military infrastructure and Black Sea Fleet (BSF) assets in the summer of 2023 that pushed Russian naval assets largely out of the western part of the Black Sea and that aimed to degrade the Russian military’s ability to use Crimea as a staging and rear area for defensive operations in southern Ukraine.


Russian President Vladimir Putin doubled down on his maximalist and purposefully vague territorial objectives in Ukraine on January 31. Putin stated during a meeting with his election “proxies” that pushing the current frontline deeper into Ukraine is the most important goal for Russian forces across the theater. Putin emphasized the idea of a “demilitarized” or “sanitary” zone in Ukraine that he claimed would place Russian territory – including occupied Ukraine – out of range of both frontline artillery systems and Western-provided long-range systems. Putin’s stated goal of pushing the front line so that Russia’s claimed and actual territories are outside of Ukrainian firing range is a vague goal that is actually unattainable as long as there is an independent Ukraine with any ability to fight. Putin would likely annex any Ukrainian territories Russia managed to capture in pursuit of this supposed objective (particularly in the four oblasts Russia has already claimed to have annexed but only partially controls), thus bringing the new Russian territories into range of Ukrainian systems in whatever remains of an independent Ukraine. A Russian nationalist milblogger expanded on this dilemma, noting that Russia would also have to capture Mykolaiv and Odesa cities to eliminate the threat of Ukrainian long range strikes against occupied Crimea and that Russian forces would need to capture the Slovyansk-Kramatorsk line in Donetsk Oblast to relieve the current front line. The milblogger notably suggested even further territorial expansion by asking whether Russia wants Slovyansk to ”bear the fate of an eternally frontline city.” Putin’s January 31 statements do not represent significant inflections in Russia’s stated war aims or actual military capabilities but are rather likely intended to capitalize on existing narratives in Western media that could block short and long term Western military assistance to Ukraine and compel the West to negotiate with Russia on Russian terms.


Key Takeaways:


  • Ukrainian forces struck Russian targets in the vicinity of Belbek airfield in occupied Sevastopol, Crimea on January 31.


  • Russian President Vladimir Putin doubled down on his maximalist and purposefully vague territorial objectives in Ukraine on January 31.


  • Ukrainian and Russian forces conducted a prisoner-of-war (POW) exchange on January 31, exchanging 195 Russian POWs for 207 Ukrainian POWs.


  • The European Union (EU) will reportedly fall short of its promise to provide Ukraine with one million artillery shells by March 1, 2024, as European leaders call on EU member states to intensify deliveries of ammunition to Ukraine.


  • Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu claimed that Russian-Chinese relations are at their “best period in their history” in a January 31 call with Chinese Defense Minister Admiral Dong Jun.


  • Kremlin officials and mouthpieces continued rhetorical efforts to prevent Moldova’s integration into the EU and to set information conditions to justify future Russian aggression against Moldova.


  • The Ukrainian Main Military Intelligence Directorate (GUR) reported that it recently conducted a cyberattack on a Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) communications server.


  • Estonian Defense Forces Commander General Martin Herem stated that Russia may be behind recent GPS jamming in the Baltic region.


  • Russian forces recently made confirmed advances near Bakhmut, near Avdiivka, and southwest of Donetsk City amid positional engagements along the entire line of contact on January 31.


  • Russian forces reportedly formed a “secret” battalion of penal recruits to conduct offensive operations in western Zaporizhia Oblast but are reportedly disbanding the battalion.


  • Russian and occupation officials continue efforts to erase Ukrainian cultural and ethnic identity in occupied territories.

Click here to read the full assessment.

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