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[ISW] 러시아 공세 캠페인 평가, 2024년 2월 1일

by 맘씨 posted Feb 02, 2024
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[요약]

주요 요점:

  • 우크라이나 총사령관 발레리 잘루즈니 장군은 우크라이나에서 전역적 주도권을 장악하고 러시아의 병력과 물자의 수적 우위에도 불구하고 우크라이나의 전장 승리를 촉진하기 위한 포괄적인 전략을 제시했습니다. 잘루즈니의 전략은 우크라이나의 기존 과제를 상쇄하고 광범위한 기술 혁신과 적응을 통해 러시아 군에 대한 우위를 추구하는 것을 목표로 합니다.

  • 우크라이나군은 1월 31일부터 2월 1일 밤에 점령된 크림 반도 근처의 흑해에서 러시아 흑해 함대(BSF) 함정을 성공적으로 공격하고 침몰시켰습니다.

  • 러시아 군사 블로거들은 도네츠크 주 서부에서 공격 작전을 수행하는 동안 러시아군의 지속적인 전술적 실수에 대해 불만을 계속 표출했습니다.

  • 유럽 연합(EU)은 2024년부터 2027년까지 우크라이나에 대한 재정 지원 패키지를 만장일치로 승인했습니다.

  • EU 외교안보정책 고위대표 조셉 보렐은 유럽 연합(EU)이 2024년 3월까지 우크라이나에 약속한 100만 발의 포탄을 보낼 수 없을 것이라고 밝혔지만 2024년 말까지 이 약속을 이행할 계획이라고 밝혔습니다.

  • 체첸 공화국 수장 람잔 카디로프는 1월 31일을 기준으로 자신의 자녀 중 한 명을 체첸 정부의 고위직에 임명했습니다.

  • 러시아군은 2월 1일 접촉선 전체에 걸쳐 지속적인 위치 교전을 벌이는 가운데 최근 쿠피얀스크, 아브디이프카, 도네츠크 시 근처에서 확실한 진전을 이루었습니다.

  • 터키 은행들은 미국 2차 제재의 위협으로 인해 러시아 회사의 계좌를 폐쇄하기 시작했다고 합니다.

  • 러시아 대통령 블라디미르 푸틴은 향후 6년 동안 점령한 우크라이나 영토를 러시아에 통합할 계획을 강조했습니다.

카테고리: 군사, 정치, 국제관계

주요 국가: 우크라이나, 러시아, 미국

향후 전망: 러시아는 앞으로도 우크라이나에 대한 군사적 압력을 계속 가할 것으로 예상되며, 우크라이나는 서방 국가들의 지원을 받아 저항을 계속할 것으로 전망됩니다.

해시태그: #러시아 #우크라이나 #전쟁 #군사 #정치 #국제관계




[원문]
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Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment

Support ISW

Riley Bailey, Nicole Wolkov, Angelica Evans, Christina Harward, Grace Mappes, and George Barros



February 1, 2024, 7:40pm ET

Click here to see ISW's interactive map of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. This map is updated daily alongside the static maps present in this report.


Click here to see ISW’s 3D control-of-terrain topographic map of Ukraine. The use of a computer (not a mobile device) is strongly recommended for accessing this data-heavy tool.


Click here to access ISW’s archive of interactive time-lapse maps of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. These maps complement the static control-of-terrain maps that ISW produces daily by showing a dynamic frontline.

Ukrainian Commander-in-Chief General Valerii Zaluzhnyi presented an overarching strategy to seize the theater-wide initiative in Ukraine and retain it to facilitate Ukrainian battlefield victories despite Russia’s numerical advantages in manpower and materiel. Zaluzhnyi’s strategy aims to offset Ukraine’s existing challenges and pursue advantages over the Russian military through widespread technological innovation and adaptation. The Ukrainian Armed Forces published an essay on February 1 by Zaluzhnyi titled “On the Modern Design of Military Operations in the Russo-Ukrainian War: In the Fight for the Initiative,” wherein Zaluzhnyi argued that the requirements for any given war are unique and that these requirements dictate a unique strategy for victory. Zaluzhnyi identified “decisive conditions” for Ukraine to conduct successful operations, which include achieving absolute air superiority to enable effective Ukrainian fires, logistics, and reconnaissance; seizing the initiative by denying Russian forces the ability to conduct offensive or defensive operations; increasing Ukrainian mobility while limiting Russian mobility; securing safe access to unspecified key lines and important terrain; and denying Russian forces any opportunities to recapture lost positions and increase Russian operational efforts. The decisive conditions that Zaluzhnyi highlighted would effectively give Ukrainian forces the theater-wide initiative and set conditions for Ukraine to conduct operationally significant defensive and offensive operations. Zaluzhnyi argued that the rapid development of new technology changes the means by which Ukraine can achieve these “decisive conditions” and that Ukrainian forces cannot use conventional methods to achieve these conditions given Russia’s superior ability to mobilize men. Zaluzhnyi argued that new technological means, such as drones, unmanned systems, systems integration, and other advanced technological systems can allow Ukrainian forces to maximize their combat potential using fewer resources and inflict maximum damage on Russian forces.


Ukrainian forces successfully struck and sunk a Russian Black Sea Fleet (BSF) vessel in the Black Sea near occupied Crimea on the night of January 31 to February 1. The Ukrainian Main Military Intelligence Directorate (GUR) published footage on February 1 showing Ukrainian maritime drones striking the Ivanovets Tarantul-class corvette (41st Missile Boat Brigade) near Lake Donuzlav in occupied Crimea. The Ukrainian Navy reported that sinking of the Ivanovets is a significant loss to the BSF since the BSF has only three ships of its project 1241.1 (Tarantul) class and noted that Ukrainian forces previously damaged a project 1239 Bora-class corvette in the 41st Missile Boat Brigade. The Ukrainian Navy stated that the Ivanovets is usually staffed with 40 personnel, and the GUR stated that Russian search and rescue operations were unsuccessful. ISW continues to assess that successful Russian strikes on BSF vessels and infrastructure have limited the BSF’s ability to operate in the western part of the Black Sea. A prominent Kremlin-affiliated Russian milblogger claimed that Ukrainian forces launched 12 Western-provided SCALP or Storm Shadow missile against occupied Crimea on the night of January 31 to February 1. The milblogger claimed that Russian forces downed five missiles near Belbek Air Base in occupied Sevastopol and six missiles over Yana Kapu, Hvardiske, and northwest of Sevastopol and that one missile struck the ground near Belbek Air Base but did not damage it. Neither Ukrainian nor Russian officials confirmed these claims. Ukrainian Air Force Spokesperson Colonel Yuriy Ihnat stated that the January 31 Ukrainian strikes on Belbek Air Base damaged “several objects” but noted that Ukrainian authorities need more satellite imagery to confirm what objects Ukrainian forces struck.


Key Takeaways:


  • Ukrainian Commander-in-Chief General Valerii Zaluzhnyi presented an overarching strategy to seize the theater-wide initiative in Ukraine and retain it to facilitate Ukrainian battlefield victories despite Russia’s numerical advantages in manpower and materiel. Zaluzhnyi’s strategy aims to offset Ukraine’s existing challenges and pursue advantages over the Russian military through widespread technological innovation and adaptation.


  • Ukrainian forces successfully struck and sunk a Russian Black Sea Fleet (BSF) vessel in the Black Sea near occupied Crimea on the night of January 31 to February 1.


  • Russian milbloggers continued to voice frustrations about Russian forces’ continued tactical blunders during offensive operations in western Donetsk Oblast.


  • The European Union (EU) unanimously approved a financial support package for Ukraine for 2024 ­­– 2027.


  • EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Joseph Borrell stated that the European Union (EU) will not be able to send the promised one million shells to Ukraine by March 2024, but is planning to fulfill this promise by the end of 2024.


  • Chechen Republic Head Ramzan Kadyrov appointed another one of his children to a senior position in the Chechen government as of January 31.


  • Russian forces recently made confirmed advances near Kupyansk, Avdiivka, and Donetsk City amid continued positional engagements along the entire line of contact on February 1.


  • Turkish banks have reportedly started closing Russian companies’ accounts due to the threat of US secondary sanctions.



  • Russian President Vladimir Putin highlighted Russian plans to integrate occupied territories of Ukraine into Russia over the next six years.


Click here to read the full assessment.

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The Institute for the Study of War (ISW) is a non-partisan, non-profit, public policy research organization. ISW advances an informed understanding of military affairs through reliable research, trusted analysis, and innovative education. We are committed to improving the nation's ability to execute military operations and respond to emerging threats in order to achieve US strategic objectives.

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