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[ISW] 러시아 공세 캠페인 평가, 2024년 2월 6일

by 맘씨 posted Feb 07, 2024
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[요약]

주요 요점:

  • 미국의 유럽 및 아시아 동맹국들은 우크라이나 지원을 상당히 늘렸습니다. 유럽 파트너들이 우크라이나에 대한 지원을 계속 늘려감에 따라, 우크라이나가 국방 산업 기반(DIB)을 구축하는 데 도움이 되는 미국의 원조 제공은 단기에서 중기적으로 여전히 중요합니다.

  • 미 육군은 2024년과 2025년에 우크라이나를 위한 155mm 포병 탄약과 탄약 구성품의 국내 생산을 크게 늘릴 계획입니다.

  • 러시아 당국은 우크라이나에서 사용하기 위해 이란 샤헤드 드론을 수입하는 데 연간 약 45억 달러를 지불하고 있는 것으로 알려졌습니다.

  • 러시아는 우크라이나에서 사용할 미사일과 포병 탄약을 대가로 북한 자산을 동결 해제하고 북한이 국제 제재를 회피하도록 돕고 있는 것으로 알려졌습니다.

  • 러시아 안보회의 니콜라이 파트루셰프 서기는 2월 6일 러시아 당국이 러시아 인프라에 대한 외부 및 내부 위협에 대한 우려를 계속 표명함에 따라 러시아가 전략적 시설을 보호해야 한다고 강조했습니다.

  • 크렘린은 발트해 연안 국가와 조지아에 대한 잠재적인 하이브리드 도발에 대한 정보적 조건을 계속 설정하고 있습니다.

  • 러시아-이스라엘 관계는 이스라엘-하마스 전쟁에 대한 러시아의 점점 더 반 이스라엘적 입장을 배경으로 계속 악화될 가능성이 높습니다.

  • 러시아군은 최근 바흐무트, 아브디이프카, 도네츠크 시 남서쪽에서 전선 전체에 걸친 지속적인 위치 교전 속에서 확인된 진전을 이루었습니다.

  • 러시아 당국은 우크라이나에서 사용하기 위해 이란 샤헤드 드론을 수입하는 데 연간 약 45억 달러를 지불하고 있는 것으로 알려졌습니다.

  • 러시아 외무부(MFA)는 점령된 우크라이나를 러시아에 통합하고 우크라이나에 대한 러시아의 불법 점령을 국제적으로 인정받기 위한 노력을 계속하고 있습니다.

분류: 군사, 정치, 외교
주요 국가: 미국, 러시아, 우크라이나
향후 전망: 러시아-우크라이나 전쟁




[원문]
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Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment

Support ISW

Nicole Wolkov, Christina Harward, Grace Mappes, Karolina Hird,

George Barros, and Fredrick W. Kagan


February 6, 2024, 9:30pm ET 

Click here to see ISW's interactive map of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. This map is updated daily alongside the static maps present in this report.


Click here to see ISW’s 3D control-of-terrain topographic map of Ukraine. The use of a computer (not a mobile device) is strongly recommended for accessing this data-heavy tool.


Click here to access ISW’s archive of interactive time-lapse maps of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. These maps complement the static control-of-terrain maps that ISW produces daily by showing a dynamic frontline.

America’s European and Asian allies have significantly ramped up their efforts to support Ukraine. European Council President Charles Michel stated on February 6 that the European Council and Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the creation of a new single dedicated instrument – the Ukraine Facility – to pool the EU’s recently announced support package of 50 billion euros (about $54 billion) for Ukraine for 2024-2027. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen stated that the EU aims to start payments to the Ukraine Facility in March 2024. German arms manufacturer Rheinmetall stated on February 5 that it plans to send tens of thousands of 155mm artillery shells, dozens of Marder infantry fighting vehicles, 25 Leopard 1A5 tanks, and an unspecified number of Skynex air defense systems to Ukraine in 2024. South Korea’s Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) stated on February 6 that it plans to sign a contract with ammunition producer Poongsan in 2024 to mass produce 155mm shells that have an extended range of 60 kilometers. South Korea reportedly began indirectly supplying artillery shells to Ukraine in early 2023, and these shells may go to European allies for indirect transfer to Ukraine.


The US Army plans to significantly increase US domestic production of 155mm artillery shells and shell components for Ukraine in 2024 and 2025, should the proposed Congressional supplemental appropriations bill pass. US Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology Doug Bush stated on February 5 that the US Army aims to double the US monthly production of 155mm artillery shells from 28,000 shells per month in October 2023 to about 60,000 shells per month in October 2024 - if the Congressional bill passes. The US Army hopes to further increase production to 75,000 shells per month in April 2025 and 100,000 shells per month in October 2025. Bush stated that the construction of a new factory in Texas, which will “have an entirely new way” of using technology to make artillery shells, will contribute to the Army’s increased production goals. Bush noted that US shell production in part depends on US domestic production of explosive materials. Bush stated that the proposed supplemental bill includes $600 million for increasing the production of explosives at the Holsten Army Ammunition Plant in Tennessee from five million pounds of explosives a year to 13 million pounds. The proposed bill would also include $93 million to reestablish the production of M6 propellant (used to fire artillery shells but no longer in production in the US) at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant in Virginia, and $650 million would go to constructing a facility (likely also at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant) to domestically produce TNT, which the US currently does not produce. Bush stated that the proposed bill also includes $14 million to construct and recommission a black powder explosive production line in Louisiana. Such investments in US manufacturing are necessary to help support US strategic readiness by rebuilding America’s atrophied defense industrial base, separate and apart from the need to support Ukraine in its fight against Russia.


Key Takeaways:


  • America’s European and Asian allies have significantly ramped up their efforts to support Ukraine. As European partners continue to increase their support for Ukraine, US aid provision in the near to medium-term remains vital to help Ukraine build its defense industrial base (DIB).


  • The US Army plans to significantly increase US domestic production of 155mm artillery shells and shell components for Ukraine in 2024 and 2025, should the proposed Congressional supplemental appropriations bill pass.


  • Russian authorities are reportedly paying Iran roughly $4.5 billion per year to import Iranian Shahed drones to use in Ukraine.


  • Russia is reportedly unfreezing North Korean assets and helping North Korea evade international sanctions in exchange for missiles and artillery ammunition for Russia to use in Ukraine.


  • Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev emphasized on February 6 that Russia needs to protect its strategic facilities as Russian authorities continue to voice concerns about external and internal threats to Russian infrastructure.


  • The Kremlin continues to set informational conditions for possible hybrid provocations against the Baltic states and Georgia.


  • Russian-Israeli relations are likely continuing to decline against the backdrop of Russia’s increasingly anti-Israel stance on the Israel-Hamas war.


  • Russian forces recently made confirmed advances near Bakhmut, Avdiivka, and southwest of Donetsk City amid continued positional engagements along the entire frontline.


  • Russian authorities are reportedly paying roughly $4.5 billion per year to import Iranian Shahed drones to use in Ukraine.



  • The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) continues efforts to integrate occupied Ukraine into Russia and to seek international recognition of Russia’s illegal occupation of Ukraine.


Click here to read the full assessment.

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